1944

4th January
A special court in Poznań sentenced a German woman to 4 months in prison for saying that the government in Germany would change soon and Hitler would be defeated.

7th January
Resistance fighters in Jarocin placed explosives on a fuel train. They exploded while the train was in motion, killing 25 German soldiers. ?

28th January
During a council for German generals in Poznań, Heinrich Himmler declared that the Jewish issue had been solved in Germany.

20th February
In Gross-Rosen concentration camp, the Germans killed 23 underground scouts from Poznań and Warthegau.

7th March
The Gestapo arrested 15 members of the Women’s Military Service, operating under the auspices of AK.

9th April
A raid by Allied Forces over Poznań. Civilians were killed (47 Poles and 35 Germans) together with an unknown number of soldiers.

14th April
With the consent of the German authorities, the funeral of 36 Poles, victims of the 9th April raid, took place at the cemetery in Główna street. The Germans allowed Bishop Walenty Dymek, who was under home arrest, to participate in the funeral.

28th May
Poznań was raided again by 100 American planes. The Focke-Wulf car factory in Krzesiny and the military airport were destroyed. Serious damage was also done to Focke-Wulf plants at the Poznań International Fair and a couple of other facilities. 25 Polish and 16 German civilians were killed.

8th June
In city forest inspectorate in Ostrów Wielkopolski the Gestapo discovered a store of arms belonging to the AK: they found 4 light machine-guns, 11 heavy machine guns, 12 revolvers, equipment for 4 radio stations and large amounts of munitions and explosives.

10th June
Arthur Greiser gave a speech in Inowrocław:  “German rule in Wartherland is as obvious as the existence of sky above the earth”.

12th July
The number of Germans from the Black Sea region settled in Wartheland hit 200,000.

20th July
Military conspirators against Hitler gave major George Konrad Kisling, their representative in the 21st Military District in Poznań, instructions concerning actions aimed at taking power. The instructions included, among others, arresting Greiser. These were not implemented.

21th July
A demonstration of faithfulness to the Führer under the banner Unser Leben Adolf Hitler!  (Our lives for Adolf Hitler!) took place in the Poznań University Aula.

22th July
Matthian Mayer, a doctor and SS officer, said, during a meeting of German doctors in Inowrocław:

“Polish children should not be treated, because there are already too many Poles; too many Polish children are born. It is not necessary to treat them and the national socialist policy of Germany does not require this“. On the same day, the Reich chess championship started in Poznań.

29th July
Arthur Greiser prohibited Germans from leaving Wartheland, with the exception of women and children brought from bombed Reich areas if they wanted to return to their previous homes, and youths from Poznań and Łódź, which were the cities most endangered by raids.

2nd August
Greiser left for Łódź to stop the mass flight of Germans to the Reich. He ordered the confiscation of large amounts of luggage prepared for transport.

29th August
This day is presumed to be the day of liquidation of the Łódź ghetto. The last large transport from Litzmannstadt ghetto left for the Auschwitz camp. This was the largest ghetto in Nazi Europe, with the longest operating period. Altogether 70,000 Jews were transported from there in August.

10th September
By this day, 6,000 rail cars with goods plundered from Warsaw, where the uprising was in progress, had arrived in Wartheland.

25th September
Greiser ordered the organisation of Volkssturm i.e. divisions consisting of young people and the elderly.

26th October
According to Greiser’s declaration, the total number of Germans in Warthegau hit 1,250,000.

31st October
According to official German statistics, 435,167 Poles from Warthegau had been evicted and 194,428 resettled within Warthegau.

2nd December
Commander-in-chief of the disciplinary police in Wartheland stated that by this date 100 instances of appearances of partisan groups in Miedzychód, Chodzież, Szamotuły and Oborniki districts had been noted.

9th December
During a field session in Kalisz of the People’s Tribunal from Berlin seven Germans were sentenced to death, two more to 5 years and one to 10 years of high-security prison for cooperating with the Polish resistance.

30th December
On this day 712 people, including 126 women were being in the jail in Młyńska street in Poznań.